Ramadan is the 9th month in the Islamic calendar. When this blessed month approaches, you might have heard some people wish Ramadan Mubarak or Kareem. However, in this article, we will see how exactly our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) wished when the holy month approached.
Before, looking at how our Prophet wished, let’s first understand the meaning of Ramadan Mubarak & Kareem. The word, Mubarak means “Blessed” – thus when anyone says Ramadan Mubarak, they intend to say it is the blessed month or it is a sort of congratulations. Usually, you will see people wishing in this manner in Asian countries like Sri Lanka, Pakistan, India, etc.
The Word, “Kareem” means, “Honorable/Noble”. Therefore, when someone says Ramadan Kareem he means an honourable or a noble Ramadan. People in Gulf countries like Saudi Arabia, Qatar, etc. usually wish in this manner.
We now understood what Ramadan Kareem and Mubarak is. Now, let’s see how our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) welcomed this holy month.
How Did Our Prophet Welcome this Blessed Month
Our Prophet (PBUH) exceptionally welcomed this month. Even before Ramadan approaches, he did certain activities to welcome this blessed month.
Fasting More in the Month of Shaban
It is reported in Sahih Bukhari that our Prophet never fasted for a whole month except the month of Ramadan, and did not fast in any month more than in the month of Shaban. From this hadith, we understand that in order to welcome the month of Ramadan, Prophet used to fast more in the previous month.
Supplicate Whenever He Sees a New Moon
At the sight of new moon Prophet (PBUH) used to supplicate “O Allah, let this moon appear on us with security and Iman; with safety and Islam. O moon! Your lord and mine is Allah. May this moon be bringing guidance and good” [At- Tirmidhi]. This hadith is not mainly for the month of Ramadan, but every month.
Informing the People About the Coming of Ramadan
Prophet (PBUH) used to inform the coming of this blessed month to the people. It’s reported in Musnad Ahmad, that Prophet (PBUH) said, O People, this blessed month is approaching you, and Allah has ordained for you that you fast in this month. And the gates of heaven will be opened, and the gates of hell will be closed, and the devils will be chained, & in this month there’s a night which is better than thousand months & if anyone is deprived of Allah’s blessing in this month, he truly is a deprived person.
Thus it is clear now, how our Prophet (PBUH) welcomed this blessed month. Also saying Ramadan Kareem or Mubarak is not haraam or bidaa, however, the most recommended way of welcoming is just how the Prophet (PBUH) welcomed.
Check the most common misconceptions of ramadan here
Allah Knows Best