The Quran is the last revelation sent to humankind to guide us to the righteous path. It has been revealed to us through Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) from angel Jibreel (alaihi wasallam) over a period of 23 years. The Quran is a miracle in respect to its verses which were given to Prophet Muhammed (PBUH). It is the direct word of Allah for the spiritual guidance of humankind to the fold of Islam.
Therefore, the Quran should be an essential component in our day to day life. This being said, we also should make sure we follow certain etiquettes while reading and practising the Quran. Here are some ways to revere it while reading.
The Intention (Niyyah)
When someone reads the Quran, his intentions should be pure. That is, to recite it only for the sake of Allah and not to acquire the praise of his fellow mates.
Consequently, proving that intentions are the essence of good deeds being valid and makes the acts of worship virtuous, solely for the sake of Allah. So, whenever someone recites the Quran, he should make sure his intention is merely to seek the pleasure of Allah.
Being in the state of Wudhu (Ablution)
Wudhu is the state of purity and it is to wash certain parts of our body in order to fulfil our acts of worship such as Salah. Making Wudhu even expiates one’s minor sins proving in the hadeeth, where Uthman ibn Affan reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever performs ablution in an excellent manner, his sins will depart from his body even from under his fingernails.” Sahih Muslim 245
The Prophet (PBUH) even heard the footsteps of Bilal (Peace be upon him) in front of him in paradise because of the habit of making Wudhu and praying after that as much as possible – Sahih al-Bukhari 1149
Thus, proving the fact that Islam gives a great deal of importance to Wudhu. So being in the state of Wudhu while reading the Quran is a good practice of bringing oneself to be more virtuous. However, there is a difference of opinion among the scholars regarding the issue whether Wudhu is compulsory or not when touching the Quran. Even scholars who incline to the Fatwa of Wudhu being not compulsory while reading the Quran, emphasize that it is preferable to perform Wudhu when reciting the Quran.
Keeping the place where one recites the Quran clean
Islam accentuates the importance of cleanliness. It does require not only spiritual cleanliness but also physical cleanliness to thrive in our acts of worship. Being in the state of purity improves peace of mind and also helps us to focus better on our devotion to Allah. The Prophet (PBUH) stated that cleanliness is a part of faith in Islam – Sahih Muslim 223. So it is advisable to keep the Quran in a clean area.
Reciting at the best chosen time
We will most benefit when we recite the Quran at certain specific times. Allah mentions in Surah Al-Israa, Ayah 78
Therefore, it is desired to recite the Quran after Salatul Fajr. There are many occasions where certain parts of the Quran are preferred to be recited, like reciting Surah Kahf on Fridays, which has its own benefits – Narrated by al-Daarimi, 3407. This hadeeth was classed as Saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami, 6471
It is preferable to face the direction of the Qibla when reading the Quran but it is not a must to do so.
Concentrating and pondering upon its meaning when reading the Quran
The one who reads the Quran should focus on what is being recited and ponder on its meaning.
Shaykh Ibn’ Uthaymeen interpreted its meanings by stating, the purpose behind reciting the Quran is, as well as it being an act of worship, to understand its implications so that one will be better able to act upon it. It is for this purpose that this blessed Quran was revealed.
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: When a person starts to recite the Quran, he should be in a humble frame of mind, focusing on and pondering the meaning. This is what is required and is the purpose of it; in this way, minds are put at rest and hearts are illuminated. Therefore, we should ponder on the meanings of the Quran and act accordingly.
Seeking refuge from Shaitan before reading (Istighfar)
It is Fard (a must) to seek refuge from Shaitan before reciting the Quran, as Allah states in Surah Nahl Chapter 16 Verse 98, “So when you recite the Quran, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy]”
There are 15 places in the Quran where Sajdat al-Tilaawah is required (an act of prostration when these 15 verses are recited)
Umar(rali) narrated, Whenever the Prophet (ﷺ) recited the Surah which contained the prostration of recitation, he used to prostrate and then, we too would prostrate and some of us did not find a place for prostration – Sahih al-Bukhari 1079
It is not obligatory to do this because Zayd ibn Thaabit recited Soorat al-Najm to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and he did not prostrate, and neither did the Prophet and this also shows that a listener should not prostrate unless the reciter prostrates. Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz 11/415
Reciting with Tajweed and with beauty
Allah mentions, “and recite the Quran (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style” Surah Muzzammil Chapter 73 Verse 4, which refers to reciting the Quran in an attractive manner, not in terms of Tajweed. Nonetheless, reciting with Tajweed is preferable as it helps one to prevent errors while reciting the Quran.
In addition to the points mentioned above, there are some other etiquettes to follow while reciting the Quran, such as repeating certain verses, seeking protection if verses related to the wrath of Allah are mentioned and seeking blessings from Allah in verses that mention Jannah.
To conclude, following these etiquettes are highly recommended to bring oneself closer to Allah and His message (The Holy Quran).
And Allah Knows Best